The geologist has an outstanding role in modern society, due to the increasing demand for natural resources (water, minerals, oil, gas, and others) and the need to preserve the Earth’s balance. The study of Geology provides a comprehensive view of human interactions in the environment, and graduates are equipped with the specialized knowledge to deal with the magnitude of geological processes and to characterize their causes and consequences. The geologist has a strategic role in the prevention of natural disasters, conducts studies on the potential use and occupation of the physical environment (agricultural and urban areas) and acts in the remediation of soil and groundwater contamination.
Geologists also engage in scientific investigation activities, which allow for the obtainment of information on the evolution, composition, structure and origin of the Earth.
Recent societal demands have brought new challenges for the profession, requiring a multidisciplinary training that includes, on one hand, technical knowledge in physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology and computer science, and, on the other hand, a critical and integrated view of fields such as economics, planning and even social structures.
Unlike other professions whose activities are carried out in offices or indoor workplaces, the geologist works part of the time outdoors, engaged in the research of nature, and the other part in laboratories and offices.
Despite the vast territory and wealth of mineral resources, geological knowledge in Brazil is still restricted. Besides, the number of professionals in the area is insufficient compared to that of other nations.
Therefore, the job market is promising for Geology graduates, due to the demand for a professional who understands the geological processes in such a way as to propose consistent solutions for the society, in harmony with the environment. Possible employers include oil companies, artesian well drilling companies, civil and environmental engineering companies, mining companies, state-owned enterprises and educational institutions, where they can work as professors or researchers.
The law that regulates the profession in Brazil is Law no. 4,076/1962.
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