UFSC has 33 researchers on the updated list of the world’s 100,000 most influential scientists

04/11/2021 18:54

* Updated 29 October 2021, at 2:37 pm, to include the list of scientists with current data (2020)

* Updated 3 November 2021, at 2:32 pm, to update the number of scientists linked to UFSC. Previously, the news mentioned 26 researchers, and, in total, considering the two lists, UFSC has 33 people cited in the study.


The third update of a survey conducted by a team at Stanford University, in the United States, was published on the 19  October, containing data to the list of over 100,000 of the most influential scientists in the world. UFSC has 26 researchers on the new list, which includes a total of 812 Brazilian researchers. Data from the latest version of the survey, published in 2020, indicated 14 researchers from UFSC and 600 representatives from Brazil.


The study update uses citations from the Scopus database until August 2021. Data were compiled into two spreadsheets, with scientists ranked by the citations they received throughout their careers (download link) and another with scientists ranked by current data (download link).


The publication is from the Journal Plos Biology.The database created by Stanford University scientists has the world’s leading scientists based on standardized citation metrics such as citation information, H-index, co-authorship and a composite indicator.


>> Access the available data


Scientific Careers

According to the study presented in the career ranking data table, which demonstrates the lifetime impact of research on scientists, UFSC has the following representatives (in the order they appear in the ranking):

  1. Bernhard Welz, Department of Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (CFM/UFSC)
  2. Traugott Peter Wolf, Graduate Program in Medical Sciences, School of Health Sciences (CCS/UFSC)
  3. Nicolas Garcia
  4. Ruy Exel, Department of Mathematics, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (CFM/UFSC)
  5. Rui Daniel Schröder Prediger, Department of Pharmacology, School of Biological Sciences (CCB/UFSC)
  6. Ivo Barbi, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  7. Enedir Ghisi, Department of Civil Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  8. Eduardo Carasek da Rocha, Department of Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (CFM/UFSC)
  9. Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Department of Physical Education, School of Sports (CDS)
  10. Antonio Luiz Braga, Department of Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (CFM/UFSC),
  11. Newton C. A. da Costa, Department of Philosophy, School of Philosophy and Human Sciences (CFH)
  12. Alexandre Trofino Neto, Department of Automation and Systems, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  13. Afonso Celso Dias Bainy, Department of Biochemistry, School of Biological Sciences (CCB/UFSC)
  14. Christian Johann Losso Hermes, Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  15. Adilson Jose Curtius, Department of Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (CFM/UFSC)
  16. Marcelo Farina, Department of Biochemistry, School of Biological Sciences (CCB/UFSC)
  17. Jamil Assreuy Filho, Department of Pharmacology, School of Biological Sciences (CCB/UFSC)
  18. Mauricio Laterça Martins, Department of Aquaculture, School of Agricultural Sciences (CCA/UFSC)
  19. Dachamir Hotza, Department of Chemical Engineering and Food Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  20. Hazim Ali Al-Qureshi, Department of Mobility Engineering (Joinville/UFSC)
  21. Cláudia Maria Oliveira Simões, Graduate Program in Pharmacy, School of Health Sciences (CCS/UFSC)
  22. Denizar Martins, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  23. Débora de Oliveira, Department of Chemical Engineering and Food Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  24. Marcelo Lobo Heldwein, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)

2020 (data collected until August 2021)


  1. Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Department of Physical Education, School of Sports (CDS)
  2. Enedir Ghisi, Department of Civil Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  3. Ruy Exel, Department of Mathematics, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (CFM/UFSC)
  4. Guilherme Luz Tortorella, Department of Production and Systems Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  5. Rui Daniel Schröder Prediger, Department of Pharmacology, School of Biological Sciences (CCB/UFSC)
  6. Paulo Augusto Cauchick Miguel, Department of Production and Systems Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  7. Danilo Wilhelm Filho, School of Biological Sciences (CCB/UFSC)
  8. Traugott Peter Wolf, Graduate Program in Medical Sciences, School of Health Sciences (CCS/UFSC)
  9. Dachamir Hotza, Department of Chemical Engineering and Food Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  10. Marcelo Farina, Department of Biochemistry, School of Biological Sciences (CCB/UFSC)
  11. Selene Maria Arruda Guelli Ulson de Souza, Department of Chemical Engineering and Food Engineering (CTC/UFSC)
  12. Bernhard Welz, Department of Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (CFM/UFSC)
  13. Christian Johann Losso Hermes, Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  14. Mauricio Laterça Martins, Department of Aquaculture, School of Agricultural Sciences (CCA/UFSC)
  15. Eduardo Carasek da Rocha, Department of Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (CFM/UFSC)
  16. Graziela de Luca Canto, Department of Dentistry, School of Health Sciences (CCS/UFSC)
  17. Fabiane Barreto Vavassori Benitti, Department of Informatics and Statistics, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  18. Antonio Luiz Braga, Department of Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (CFM/UFSC),
  19. Débora de Oliveira, Department of Chemical Engineering and Food Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  20. Ivo Barbi, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  21. Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider, Department of Health Sciences, School of Sciences, Technologies and Health of Campus Araranguá (CTS/UFSC)
  22. Julio Elias Normey Rico, Department of Automation and Systems, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)
  23. Hazim Ali Al-Qureshi, Department of Mobility Engineering (Joinville/UFSC)
  24. Maria Jose Hötzel, Department of Animal Sciences and Rural Development, School of Agricultural Sciences (CCA/UFSC)
  25. Cláudia Maria Oliveira Simões, Graduate Program in Pharmacy, School of Health Sciences (CCS/UFSC)
  26. Marcelo Lobo Heldwein, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, School of Technology (CTC/UFSC)

Placement of UFSC in the ranking

The 812 classified authors from Brazil represent different institutions, public and private. UFSC is in 19th place among the 20 institutions with the highest number of citations from Brazil. Check below the 20 institutions with the highest number of citations (as they appear in the ranking of scientific careers).

  • Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho
  • Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas
  • Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Da Amazônia
  • Iguaçu University
  • Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Centro de Inovação e Ensaios Pré-Clínicos (CIEnP)
  • Universidade de São Paulo – USP
  • Brazil’s Hospital Premier
  • Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais (Cemaden)
  • Universidade Estadual de Campinas
  • Embrapa Arroz e Feijão
  • Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
  • Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
  • Laboratório Nacional de Nanotecnologia
  • Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Laboratório Nacional de Computação Cientifica, Petrópolis

The data includes all scientists who are among the top 100,000 most cited in all fields according to the composite citation index (when self-citations are included and/or when they are not included). In addition, in the update, the table also includes scientists who are not among the top 100,000 ranked according to the composite index, but are amidst the top 2% scientists in their main subfield discipline, in the midst of those who have published at least five articles.

Translated by SINTER/UFSC

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A never-seen-before bird and a lot of richness: get to know the fauna of the Distrito do Saí, which should be protected by Wildlife Refuge

04/11/2021 13:50

Embroidered bird with a robust beak*, according to Wiki Aves, is the meaning for the scientific nomenclature of Pachyramphus marginatus, or just “black-capped becard”. The small animal, which measures up to 14 cm and weighs no more than 18 grams, had its distribution recorded from Pernambuco to Paraná, but in December 2019 it was seen for the first time even further south, specifically in the Distrito do Saí region.

The ornithologists who recognized it are from the team at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina responsible for the socio-environmental survey for the creation of a conservation unit in São Francisco do Sul, on the northern coast of Santa Catarina. First, the team identified the male. A few months later, a female was also seen for the first time, consolidating the hypothesis that the forest has a lot to present, including in terms of ecological tourism.

According to Professor Guilherme Renzo Rocha Brito, from the Department of Ecology and Zoology at UFSC, these first records extend the species for about 40 km to the south of its known distribution area, and although it is not possible to say with certainty whether other specimens had already flown further south, this is relevant information for understanding the birdlife of Saí. The team identified at least 252 different species in the region, from 59 families – data that make it one of the richest regions in the state.

“It is one of the richest bird areas in the state’s Atlantic Forest. From there, it starts to decrease a little, for climate reasons, due to the cold weather. In comparative terms, it is possible that there are similar numbers in the araucaria forests, but I suspect that it does not come very close to the richness we found there”, he explains.

The professor says that birds are animals from very specific environments, that is, depending on the type of environment, it is possible to find a community that only fits that region. “In a mangrove, for example, you find birds that are only in that environment. In the forests you will find a community a little different. But in the case of the Distrito do Saí, in that region there is a mosaic of various types”, he comments. Surrounded by bay, mangroves, forests and hills, the area has birds of different colors, types and patterns – a record of biodiversity and the urgency of conservation.”A little further up, on the border between Paraná and São Paulo, for example, there will be a little greater variety for being a larger nucleus of forests. What we see in Sai is a very interesting potential”.

As birds are very sensitive to changes in their environment and very dependent on forest habitat, the richness in the area is also an indication that the forests of the Distrito do Saí region support a relatively healthy community, including a high number of endemisms and rare and threatened species. In addition to the black-capped becard, the team also identified species such as the Jaó-do-Sul (yellow-legged tinamou), of the Macuco family, a relatively large animal that looks like a chicken and is very often hunted, sought for food. A free-living Bullfinch has also been identified, a rarer species much sought after by coops in the past, found only in areas of unspoiled and undisturbed wildlife.

“The message is that it is a very complex community, with many agents and many examples. And the more complex the community, the more complex are the interactions, for the sustainability of such a community it is required a very healthy environment, with plenty of resources. More than 50% of these birds are insectivores, for example, dependent on insects”, he illustrates.

An effective development of this analysis on birdlife was widely commented on by the community in the Distrito do Saí, as this characteristic can lead to the creation of touristic projects related to bird watching. “The Distrito do Saí is one of the only areas in the state of Santa Catarina with the possibility of observing and recording many species. This scenic beauty encourages nature tourism”, indicates the UFSC report. “The community’s reception regarding this possibility was very good. Inn owners, for example, were excited about this issue, as it appeared as a new development potential”, reinforces the professor.

Example of biodiversity
The region, according to the fauna survey, has an undeniable ecological importance. According to Professor Selvino Neckel de Oliveira, from the Department of Ecology and Zoology at UFSC, who coordinated the study, the first step towards conservation is to acquire knowledge about the area and its biodiversity, as this makes it possible to assess each species and their determined characteristics. “Based on this data, you can have a dimension of the conservation status, for example, if you are facing a species that has a restricted distribution in that area or if it has never been registered in that environment”.

In the case of the Atlantic Forest, which was reduced to about 7% of what it was originally in the past, its subsequent recovery resulted in a landscape with fragmented habitats, that is, patches of forest areas separated by cities or agricultural systems that isolated certain species which, as a consequence, can be extinguished. “In a context of fragmentation, even the species that manage to remain become unviable, as populations are decreasing, since there is no exchange of genetic material between populations”, he explains.


Oliveira explains that it is necessary to study the environment, know what it has and assess its state of conservation.“Our fauna survey showed that the Distrito do Saí is one of the richest places for species in our Atlantic Forest, with a very high number of species, compared to the area unit”, he points out.”And why is this environment rich? Because the northern part of Santa Catarina is a connection region for fauna and flora that come from the Southeast/Northeast of Brazil and the southern part of Brazil. So, we have elements from the fauna and flora of the South meeting with elements from the Southeast and Northeast regions of Brazil.

An example that the team included in their analysis is the Pygmy Brocket, a species recorded in the forest of the Distrito do Saí for about two years and whose occurrence was more common in the Atlantic Forest portion of the São Paulo region and from there to the Northeast. Amphibian species observed in the forest are also examples of a region with a heterogeneous fauna, with elements that had their origins further south or north of the Saí. “What happens is that the limit of distribution of these countless species occurs here in the Saí region”.

The professor recalls that what the team surveyed in the region is a small sample, the result of about 20 days in the field, due to the pandemic context. Even so, great diversity was observed. “Imagine if you had a study station at this location 20, 30 years ago and how important these records would have been in the long term. We were impressed, because in a short time we were able to prove this biodiversity”, he adds.

The data – which in the report are divided into groups (fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals, birds and dipterous insects) – do not allow the team to hypothesize about the possible loss of biodiversity caused by human action, for example. But the researcher observes that the region has lost areas of forest, in addition to being constantly threatened by construction sites, such as port expansion. “The deer, for example, we registered only one individual. Wasn ´t  there more ten or a hundred years ago? Or even the Howler monkey, which used to be seen with some frequency and is now practically no longer seen in this region”.

For him, what stands out the most in the fauna of the Distrito do Saí is the set of constrction site, identified through the observation of the elements of the Atlantic forest that are well represented in several points of the polygon and that are essential for the justification of a Conservation Unit. “There are many components of biodiversity: the physical environment, with springs with good quality water, the biotic component, such as huge trees; few, but they are there, and trees that produce many fruits for fauna. The components of the Atlantic Forest biodiversity are all there”.


Reread the series by accessing the ‘Nascentes do Saí’ tag or clicking here

Amanda Miranda/Agecom Journalist


Translated by SINTER/UFSC

Read the original article here

Abundant water and regenerated forest will be preserved with the creation of a Wildlife Refuge in São Chico

04/11/2021 13:38

The abundance of water and the richness of species in the forest in the Distrito do Saí reinforce what researchers at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina have already recognized from the literature and other works in the locality: it is necessary to promote the conservation of the biodiversity and enhance sustainable tourism in the region. The creation of a Wildlife Refuge will allow the Atlantic Forest to remain protected, which also guarantees quality water and other benefits to the communities.

“Ensuring the preservation of the forest plays an important role in connecting people with nature, in entering the forest and feeling comfortable. The forest promotes a very pleasant sensation: thermal, aesthetic sensation, of walking into a forest and being able to see flowers, birds, insects. Since this type of tourism is more focused on enjoying the environment, it is important that the forest is very well preserved”, explains Professor Pedro Fiaschi, from the Botany department.

The forest in the Distrito do Saí, according to Fiaschi, has characteristics that attract attention. The area is covered by Atlantic Forest in an advanced stage of regeneration. “In this region we have tall trees with a large diameter, in addition to structuring at various levels: from very large trees to the lower layers. There are several forest extracts showing signs that they are in an advanced state of regeneration”, he explains. In addition, there are also sections that can be primary forests – that is, that have never been impacted and that have preserved their original characteristics even before the arrival of the human species.

According to the 2020 report by SOS Mata Atlântica, this biome covers about 15% of the Brazilian territory, which is equivalent to 17 states. Furthermore, it is home to 72% of the population, housing three of the largest urban centers on the South American continent. Data on its deforestation also draw attention: from 2018 to 2019, 14,502 hectares – or 14,000 soccer fields were suppressed, threatening its rich biodiversity.

In the Distrito do Saí, however, the report by the UFSC researchers indicates a relatively preserved area, which increases the relevance of conservation measures. According to the professor, many areas of the Atlantic Forest were impacted by human action during the urban occupation process, which is less evident in the Saí region. “All of this suggests that this region should be preserved. A very well-preserved forest will have a much larger number of species and will also be home to many species of animals. The more species there are in the flora, the richer the associated fauna will be”.

These evidences, however, do not suggest that there were no impacts of human action on the native forest. According to the researcher, it is possible that there has been, in the locality, a history of clear-cutting in some sections, with the removal of the forest, and also the selective removal of some species, such as jequetibá and ocotea catharinensis, popularly referred to as “canela-preta”. Thus, even though the forest is considered to be at an advanced stage of regeneration and is rich in species, there are other regions, even in Santa Catarina, which are in a better state of conservation, especially those located in steeper regions, where access to human action is hampered.

Floristic richness

The jequetibá is a tree with a broad, large and showy trunk,  those that are impossible to miss. Therefore, it is difficult for them to go unnoticed even by lay eyes. In the field work at UFSC, a student of Professor Pedro Fiaschi identified a young specimen. “He collected a branch and showed it to us. It is possible that there are more in the forest, but this one we identified is a young one”, he explains. The species is considered endangered, but it can be found in the Distrito do Saí.

According to the professor, this species is not found in other regions of the state. In Florianópolis, for example, there is no record of jequetibás. This happens because the forests further north, in the Atlantic Forest, usually have records of species that do not occur in areas further south of the state. The Distrito do Saí, therefore, has this differential: being on the North Coast, it will have some species characteristic of a region with more abundant rainfall and a slightly less seasonal climate than that of Florianópolis, for example. This was one of the points highlighted by the team that carried out the survey in the project report: the forests of the Distrito do Saí are characterized as important floristic components of the state because of this characteristic, “contributing to the biological richness of Santa Catarina and providing habitat for a wildlife equally biodiverse”, as stated in the report.

For researchers, the existence of many species of bromeliads, ferns and other epiphytes in the Distrito do Saí is not surprising. These species are common in the Atlantic Forest and many are not found in other Brazilian biomes.”About bromeliads, when you go to a forest and look up at the trees, you can see many species growing on the trunks of trees, which is not surprising in well-structured forests located on hills, with large trees and light penetration from several angles”, he summarizes.

According to the professor, the beauty of these plants can be an attraction for tourists, as they also attract many species of birds and other pollinators. “Like many other plants, bromeliads have a lot of interaction with pollinators, which are very important for their reproduction, while other plants depend on animals to disperse their seeds, which is essential for the maintenance of the forest, as it allows repopulation from other areas”.

Ferns also appear as part of the project report. Some species are rarer and known in a few places. “In the Distrito do Saí we identified many species of fern, much more than we would find in Florianópolis, for example. They are a group that are associated with rainforests and generally occur where there are many bodies of water and rain well distributed throughout the year”, he explains.

The forest formation, therefore, stands out in the landscape of the Distrito do Saí. According to a survey by Professor Orlando Ferretti’s team, more than 90% of the soil in the studied region has this composition – and only 1.14% would be exotic, planted forest. “We already imagined that the Distrito is a very important region in terms of biodiversity. Of course, within it there are areas that have undergone recent changes, due to occupations that are more on its margins. In fact, the area surrounding the conservation unit registers that the urban occupation is reaching the polygon”, he explains.

This biodiversity, according to the professor, is also attributed to the formations of the Serra do Mar, a mountain range made up of numerous reserves. The vegetation in the region, he explains, was transformed at least 50 years ago, with selective cutting in some places. “Even so, we realize that it is in a very interesting state of regeneration, with hilltops and slopes that have recovered well, which also provides good quality to the region’s water, in more than 150 spring points”.


The forest’s relationship with water also says a lot about the quality of both. According to the 2020 report by the NGO SOS Mata Atlântica, the biome provides water for more than 60% of the Brazilian population. It is no different in the North Coast of Santa Catarina and particularly in São Francisco do Sul. The name of the UFSC project, Nascentes do Saí, refers to the region’s hydrological characteristics.

According to Professor Nei Kavaguichi Leite, from the Department of Ecology and Zoology, it is possible to use the water cycle to understand the role of the forest in relation to this aspect. One of the illustrative images of the phenomenon is when part of the rainwater is retained in the crown of trees, which causes the soil to absorb it more slowly, recharging aquifers that feed the rivers. The lack of forest cover, on the other hand, accelerates this process and causes the soil to quickly become saturated with water. “This generates a high surface runoff that can lead to a rapid increase in the level of rivers and streams, with consequent flooding, or even result in siltation due to the input of large amounts of sediment in water courses.”

Conserving the forest ensures water quality

The study by the project’s hydrology team covered nine hydrographic basins, with an interest in understanding water availability in these areas, also verifying its distribution and abundance. Another important point to be considered is that these waters are responsible for part of the supply of the municipalities of São Francisco do Sul and Itapoá, ensuring quality of life for the population. Five of the eight water catchment points of the company Águas de São Francisco are in the region.

According to the report, the analyzed hydrographic basins have an area of approximately 26.7 km2, with monitoring carried out by the hydrology team covering approximately 77% of the study area, in an approximate total of 57 springs. Springs are the point where a watercourse begins and are located in the highest regions.

The water abundance in the Distrito do Saí was also corroborated by the highrate of  rainfall, with an annual average of 2,363 mm, above that recorded in Santa Catarina, which is 1,506 mm. The analysis also highlighted the extensive coverage of native forest, which ensures the urgency of conservation measures. “There are streams that are in regions with a certain degree of anthropization, but a very relevant aspect is the maintenance of riparian forests, which border the rivers. These are forests that serve as a refuge for biodiversity, guarantee the stability of the ravines and control the water that reaches the streams. In many of these streams that we studied, riparian forests provide food for many species and also serve as recreation”, points out Nei.

The professor also recalls that the maintenance of these woods and the forest, in general, are also preventive measures for landslides caused by the heavy rainfall. “The lack of vegetation cover can lead to erosion and even siltation of streams. In places with small changes, such as the fall of a tree, at some point, this phenomenon is already detected. Completely changing the characteristics of the region can generate a very big impact”, he ponders.

The alert also comes from Professor Orlando Ferretti. According to him, despite the great biodiversity and the large amount of forests, the area presents risks of landslides if the forest is not preserved and does not become the target of environmental policies. “When you see the type of soil that exists there, susceptible to geological risks, and also the amount of rain, one can even speak of a more immediate risk, since the urban area is growing”.

Read more this Thursday, 09/30

Amanda Miranda/Agecom Journalist

Translated by SINTER/UFSC

Read the original article here

UFSC and the community of São Francisco do Sul suggest the creation of a Wildlife Refuge in the Distrito do Saí

04/11/2021 13:31

In the woods, on top of a hill on the North Coast of Santa Catarina, a small Black-capped Becard is ready to brave its way into a new world. It could be a character in a cartoon, but it is a bird seen for the first time in a state where it is not usually seen. The chosen region is full of attractive features: with diverse species and abundant water, it should become the first conservation unit on the mainland of São Francisco do Sul, as a result of extensive work that brought together science and communities in the Distrito do Saí.

The partnership started after the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC) was hired by the São Francisco do Sul City Hall to study the region. The funds came as part of a fine collected by the Public Prosecutor’s Office, and were applied to analyse the characteristics for the creation of a municipal conservation unit, in a previously established polygon. The study resulted in a report with more than 700 pages, which organizes knowledge about aspects such as hydrology, geology, fauna and flora in the region and also presents a socio-anthropological history of the area, recommended to become a Wildlife Refuge.

The Nascentes do Saí Project draws a panoramic image and also an x-ray of a place full of particularities, which urgently needs to preserve its biodiversity and can also serve as an ecological tourism point due to its characteristics. The territory of the Distrito do Saí has 116 km² (roughly 44 square miles), water, forest and animals in abundance and a cultural heritage full of stories. Transforming it into a conservation unit will contribute to the protection and sustainable development of its tourist attractions.

“The region of hills in the Distrito do Saí surprised us with its richness of species, both flora and fauna. It is a remnant of Atlantic Forest that is very important to the State, most of which is at an advanced stage of regeneration, in addition to being fundamental for the municipality’s water security because of its springs”, explains Professor Rodrigo de Almeida Mohedano, from the Department Sanitary and Environmental Engineering and project coordinator. “In addition to this gathering of information, of data, the project is based on a governance process with the community, because we understand that vertical actions, from the top down, are not very effective. It is necessary that the community participates from the beginning”, contextualizes the professor.

The process was not easy at first, since common sense dictates that protected areas are usually to be feared, because, in some cases, they tend to make occupation rules more rigid. But even with an unforeseen pandemic along the way, the team managed to build, based on dialogue, a proposal and a draft of a law to create what is called Wildlife Refuge.

The polygon initially delimited by the city hall became a larger area, of approximately 6,702 hectares (roughly 16 acres), according to Professor Orlando Ferretti, responsible for the geographic characterization. The route also started to cover areas of higher altitudes, on the border with Itapoá and Garuva, where there is no occupation, but there is forest.

According to Ferretti, the proposal to create a unit at the site dates back to the 1980s, when Unesco created the concept of a Biosphere Reserve, with the objective of supporting the preservation of different biomes around the world. In Brazil, this process lasted between the end of 1990 and the beginning of 2000, when possible reserves for the Atlantic Forest areas were established. “It was a designation much more of an international policy, of observing in the different biomes which areas should be more cared for and have more scientific work and protected areas”, he contextualizes.

Today, the Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve (RBMA), the first created in Brazil, has undergone several expansions. According to information from Unesco, it covers territorial portions of Atlantic Forest vegetation over 89,687,000 hectares (roughly 221 acres). This forms an ecological corridor through 17 states, including Santa Catarina. The RBMA is the largest and one of the most important units of the UNESCO World Network.

Within the Atlantic Forest biome itself, explains the professor, numerous reserves were created, part of them in the southern region – and the most important today is called Serra do Tabuleiro State Park. “In the North, there are areas of Serra do Mar, in the regions of Joinville, Campo Alegre, Garuva, São Chico. There is a great indication of the importance and biodiversity in these areas, marked out by Unesco”, he comments. The São Francisco do Sul region, since the 2000s, has been recognized as highly important, but it still does not have a conservation unit in its continental area.

The idea of creating the first full protection conservation unit in the region has an additional importance: added to the other protected areas in the surroundings, this polygon would be a kind of ecological corridor and would guarantee more genetic exchange in the populations of animals or plants that live in other reservations. “It is important that there is a lot of conservation unit* so that there is a connection between the different fragments and therefore the species can circulate between the areas, making the genetic flow easier”, emphasizes Rodrigo.

Professor Ferretti also reinforces the possibility of a new reserve joining a so-called mosaic of protected areas, which guarantees greater coverage of legal protection, with an intense variety of environments, such as mountains and plains, for example. This allows for a possible connection with corridors, either by water or by land, making the animals pass from one point to another. “The creation of units is urgent too, so as not to isolate these animals”, he points out.

Uniting knowledge

According to Professor Rodrigo, the Environmental Education Center* (NEAmb) was one of the cornerstones of this entire process. In addition to having, in its history, the execution of a similar work, carried out in the city of Itapema, the NEAmb potentialised multidisciplinary knowledge for the study. “Our differential was to work with communities, empower the community with knowledge and include them in the process, with environmental education and governance methodologies”.

The proposal to unite the local knowledge of the community and the technical knowledge that the UFSC team proposed made the Nascentes do Saí project a collective effort. “It’s no use coming from outside, from the university or from the government, and imposing the creation of a Conservation Unit, because without its appropriation by the community, it would only exist on paper”, emphasizes Luiz Gabriel Catoira Vasconcelos, responsible for governance. “The concept of governance that we bring from Professor Daniel Silva is precisely this: increasing the ability of communities to participate in the management of their territory and their common goods”.

The researcher recalls that it was a challenge to transform pre-established opinions, since many of the residents identified the project as potentially harmful to them and their way of life. Lack of trust in the government and even a prejudice towards environmental initiatives are pointed out as two of the possible causes of this initial distancing. “The effectiveness of managing common goods such as water, forests and a balanced environment depends on the existence of dialogue and cooperation between all the actors involved. Otherwise, individualistic competition leads to an intensification of degradation and eventually to irreversible collapse”, he points out.

For this reason, the team sought to cultivate and build trusting relationships. The community was called to participate from the beginning, in conversations, then in virtual groups, due to the pandemic, and also in the three public hearings held to present what information was being gathered and also to hear what residents had to say. The workshops on participatory construction of the Conservation Unit proposal established dialogue between people with divergent views, driving them into working in a cooperative manner.

“Certainly the participation of each person enriched the process and contributed to the quality and legitimacy of the decisions taken. More than that, it was an encouragement that it may still be possible to regenerate the capacity for dialogue and cooperation in our society”, points out Vasconcelos, who saw the community exercise autonomy for the proposition of the Wildlife Refuge category, a joint recommendation, which reconciled the technical knowledge of the UFSC team with the interests and knowledge of the community. “Of course there were also the objective and methodological moments of the workshops, but they were the result of months of listening, talking, connecting and persevering in the dialogue, especially when it was difficult”.

Culture and traditions also preserved

The community, actively participating in the decisions about the Distrito do Saí protected area, also integrated the project on another front: sharing their memories, telling their stories and presenting their practices, which allowed the UFSC team to carry out a socio-anthropological inventory of the region. . For the researcher Elis do Nascimento Silva, coordinator of the study, it is important to consider that the creation of a CU in a territory does not only involve the protection of the natural environment and its biodiversity, but it also articulates with the life of peoples and communities.

“A sociological, historical and anthropological approach is necessary from the beginning of the study and surveys of primary and secondary data that allow us to understand the history of occupation of the region, the activities and productive practices of the communities that depend on areas destined for creation of CU and, above all, the affective bonds and traditional ways of people interacting with these environments for some generations”, summarizes Elis.

One of the things that caught the team’s attention was the rich history of occupation in that area, from the pre-colonial period, signaled by the remains of the sambaquis, which prove that there is a human presence in the region for at least 6,000 back from present time.

There are other points in history that deserved a careful recording from the UFSC researchers as part of the effort to collect the memories and events of the community: the arrival of the French in 1504 and the experience of the Falanstério do Saí in 1842 for the implementation of a collectivist system of work based on free association and cooperativism, for example, is also a moment that differentiates the Distrito do Saí from other areas. Other sociocultural heritages are attributed to the historical presence of the Guarani people, the Portuguese, Spanish, Germans and enslaved Afro-descendants.

The recognition and appreciation of artisanal fishing as an important intangible cultural heritage of the Distrito do Saí is another highlight that the researcher makes about the study. According to her, even with a certain weakening in the practice of this activity among the new generations, it is a tradition of the place that is present in the memory of most families. “Related to artisanal fishing, there is also the culture of the flour mills and the festivities – traditional and contemporary – that are currently celebrated in the Distrito do Saí, such as the Nossa Senhora da Glória Festival and the Shrimp Festival”, he points out.

For Elis, the existence of a conservation unit in the Distrito can further involve the community in the territory, being able to strengthen the cultural identity and generate a sense of belonging due to the appreciation of biodiversity by the government and tourists. “With the creation of the CU, we anticipate that it can be another tourist attraction for the region and that, based on the interest and organization of the community, its material and intangible cultural heritage can be better managed and valued as a potential of the Distrito do Saí, not only cultural-historical, but also developing the local economy even further”, adds the researcher.

Read more this Wednesday, September 29

Amanda Miranda/Agecom Journalist

Translated by SINTER/UFSC

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UFSC report recommends the creation of a conservation unit in the North of SC; read the series ‘Nascentes do Sai’

04/11/2021 13:28

A threatened Atlantic Forest, a team of researchers and a community interested in sharing their knowledge and debating the region’s preservation. The Nascentes do Saí project, formally entitled Socio-environmental Diagnosis for the Creation of a Conservation Unit in Vila da Glória, municipality of São Francisco do Sul/SC, gave rise to a report that has over  700 pages highlighting a recommendation to the government: it is necessary to legally preserve the polygon that involves forests, hills, river sources and hundreds of species before it is destroyed.

To fulfill the objective of drawing up a socio-environmental diagnosis of the region, the multidisciplinary project had a team of professors and students from various centers at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina and also from Univille to carry out studies on fauna, flora, geology and geomorphology, socioanthropology, land survey and geographic characterization. Its guidelines ranged from the preservation of water resources to the availability of natural resources for scientific research, as well as the creation of environmental education programs and the proposal of a plan for the construction of the unit’s Conservation and Territorial Management Policies.

Starting this Tuesday, the UFSC Communication Agency will present three reports that summarize the importance of the partnership between the university, science and society, and help to present one of the richest regions in the state, in which abundant rains and the geographic conditions generate a “package” that can benefit the community with eco-tourism initiatives.

The series is divided into three blocks of subjects, which will be presented from Tuesday and Thursday: in the first article there is a general presentation of how the project took place and the involvement of the community in all its stages; in the second, the focus is on the presentation of the forest, its flora and springs and, finally, the fauna is highlighted, reinforcing the importance of its correlation with preservation.


Follow the calendar:

Tuesday (28 Sept.) – UFSC and the community of São Francisco do Sul suggest the creation of a Refúgio de Vida Silvestre, a wildlife sanctuary, in the Distrito do Saí

Wednesday (29 Sept.) – Abundant water and regenerated forest will be preserved with the creation of the wildlife sanctuary Refúgio de Vida Silvestre in São Chico

Thursday (30 Sept.) – A never seen before bird and incredible abundance: get to know the fauna of the Distrito do Saí, which must be protected by Refúgio da Vida Silvestre


More about the Nascentes do Saí Project:


Texts: Amanda Miranda/Agecom Journalist/UFSC

Art: Design and Visual Programming Coordination/Agecom

Photos: Nascentes do Saí Project Collection


Translated by SINTER/UFSC

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Outreach project promotes training in the community of São Francisco do Sul

04/11/2021 13:26

The Environmental Education and Governance team of the Nascentes do Saí outreach project, under the coordination of Professor Rodrigo de Almeida Mohedano from the Department of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering, promoted, throughout April and May, a series of training sessions with the community of the Distrito do Saí, in the city of São Francisco do Sul (SC). There were four short courses given by professors and researchers from UFSC, in addition to self-employed professionals who work in the socio-environmental field. Through video classes, contents on mapping, protected areas, ecosystem services and income generation from conservation units, were addressed.

In the first short course, participants learned about the recognition of territory through cartographic representations. The maps were used to identify the location, topographic characteristics, vegetation, soil use and the process of human occupation in the Distrito do Saí. In the second course, concepts related to protected areas were shared, such as permanent preservation areas and conservation units, and the main laws that regulate the subject in Brazil. Furthermore, the participants were able to understand the process of creation and management of these conservation units, as well as the main instruments of management and social participation.

The third short course dealt with the theme of ecosystem services and sustainable ways to use and manage the territory of the Distrito do Saí. From this, participants were able to identify the natural resources, the services nature can offer and recognize the value of these goods for the promotion of quality of life. Finally, in the last short course, the possibilities for generating income from protected areas were explored. Activities that can economically benefit the resident population of the Distrito do Saí were identified, such as tourism potential through community-based tourism, meliponiculture and agroforestry.

All classes are available on Youtube. More information on the project’s website, Instagram and Facebook.

Translated by SINTER/UFSC

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Nascentes do Saí Project presents partial results of its research

04/11/2021 13:25

The Nascentes do Saí outreach project will host on Thursday, 8 October , at 7 pm, a webinar on its Youtube channel to publicize the second partial report on their research and activities.


The project is a partnership between the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina and the city of São Francisco do Sul for the elaboration of a multidisciplinary technical study in an area located in the Distrito do Saí, in the municipality of São Francisco do Sul.

At the meeting, the teams responsible for diagnosing the physical (hydrology, geology, geography, geomorphology), social (socioanthropological, historical, occupation) and biological (fauna and flora) environments will present the studies carried out, and the results found in the last months of activity.

More information about the activity and the Nascentes do Saí Project on the project’s website, Facebook and Instagram.

Translated by SINTER/UFSC

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‘Nascentes do Saí’ outreach project presents a socio-environmental diagnosis partial report

04/11/2021 13:23

The “Nascentes do Saí” outreach project released this Tuesday 31 March, the partial report of a study that aims to present a socio-environmental diagnosis of the Distrito do Saí region, located in the municipality of São Francisco do Sul, on the North coast Santa Catarina. The initiative arose from a contract signed between the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC) and the São Francisco do Sul City Hall, for the preparation of a multidisciplinary technical study.

Check the partial report of the project “Nascentes do Saí”

The study includes the survey of species of animals and plants, as well as physical aspects such as geology, geomorphology, climatology and hydrology, including flow data and water quality of the main rivers in the region. As for the social aspects, the economy, occupation history and archaeological sites are being studied. The project team understands that “the engagement of the local community and the vision of those who live there is of fundamental importance for the legitimacy of the study”, therefore, a profound process of environmental education and governance is also being carried out, with the contribution of partner social actors from the project.

To develop this work with technical rigor and competence, around 50 people participate in the team, including professors and students from UFSC and Univille, in addition to external consultants. Among the results generated are partial reports and a final report, which will include the entire diagnosis carried out by the team. In February 2020, the first partial report of the project, with the preliminary results obtained in the field, was delivered to the São Francisco do Sul Environment Office. It is projected that the study will be completed by the end of this year, with the presentation and analysis of all the results obtained during the execution of the project.

More information:
Website: www.nascentesdosai.paginas.ufsc.br
Instagram: www.instagram.com/nascentesdosai
Facebook: www.facebook.com/nascentesdosai
E-mail: nascentesdosai@gmail.com


Translated by SINTER/UFSC

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UFSC Undergraduate Studies Council approves registration of international internships

08/10/2021 19:40

The Undergraduate Studies Council of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (CGrad/UFSC) has just regulated the international internships of undergraduate students. Under the terms of Normative Resolution no. 96/2021/CGRAD, internship activities carried out outside Brazil will have the same validity as internships carried out in the country, and follow similar rules.

The regulation will serve for mandatory and non-mandatory internships carried out abroad by UFSC exchange students. Under the new Resolution, enrollment in specific internship courses will be required, and in a new course created for international internships, code ZZD0047.

>> Read the Resolution in full

The Secretary for International Relations (Sinter), Lincoln Fernandes, believes that the implementation of the Resolution will bring positive results for programs and students. “The creation of the course of international internship and its implementation will be very positive for us to have an institutional idea of what really happens at UFSC in terms of international internship.” According to Fernandes, based on the data that will be obtained, the University will be able to adjust its internationalization strategies and actions where these internships occur, whether in the productive sector, research institutes or partner institutions. “UFSC benefits from  this action, which is so important for our internationalization process”, highlights the Secretary.

Collecting data on the internships that UFSC exchange students perform will also be important for the director of the Academic and Professional Integration Department* (DIP/Prograd), Alexandre Lenzi. “With this Resolution regulating internships abroad, UFSC can now count on one more tool to its advantage, with data such as numbers, areas of knowledge and countries where the internships are developed. The knowledge generated from this data will allow UFSC to make clear and objective decisions, for a broad international recognition of our institution”.

The Prorector for Undergraduate Studies, Daniel Vasconcelos, also confirms the importance of this Resolution to the University. For him, “The Resolution makes the growing process of insertion of our students in the international arena more visible and manageable, in addition to strengthening and consolidating the growing process of international activity by the university.”


Translated by SINTER/UFSC

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UFSC has 165 researchers among the most influential in Latin America, according to international ranking

01/10/2021 14:02

The Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC) has 165 researchers among the most influential of Latin America, according to the AD Scientific Index 2021 ranking. UFSC appears in the 10th position among 453 Latin American higher education institutions and is fifth among Brazilian federal institutions, behind the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) and Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp).

Nine out of the top ten places in the Latin American ranking are occupied by Brazilian institutions. The Universidade de São Paulo (USP) occupies the top of the list, with 2,134 researchers, followed by the Universidade Estadual de São Paulo Júlio de Mesquita Filho (Unesp) and the Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), with 572 and 556, respectively.

The survey considers the leading 10 thousand Latin American scientists. The ranking is a classification that shows the productivity of researchers as a whole and within the last five years, according to the scoring system and number of citations in Google Scholar. Only authors who have a public profile and registered institutional e-mail are eligible for ranking. The use of Google Scholar as an exclusive tool for ranking and charging payments for updating and correcting data are factors present in this ranking, and have been used by other scientific rankings, despite receiving criticism from experts.

Highlight among the BRICS

In the ranking of the leading 10 thousand scientists of the BRICS member countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), UFSC is in 24th position among 1,033 ranked educational institutions. The University appears in the AD Scientific Index with 72 researchers, based on the same classification parameters.

Among the BRICS, Brazil appears in second place, with 3,192 scientists, only behind China, with 3,908. Next on the list are: India (2023), South Africa (522) and Russia (355).

Translated by SINTER/UFSC

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